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Project Management Definitions – Part 13

Scope management plan

The document that describes how the project scope will be defined, developed, and verified and how the work breakdown structure will be created and defined, and that provides guidance on how the project scope will be managed and controlled by the project management team.

S-Curve

Graphic display of curative costs, labour hours, percentage of work, or other quantities, plotted against time.  Used to depict planned value, earned value, and actual costs of project work.

The name derives from the S-like shape of the curve – flatter at the beginning and end, steeper in the middle, produced on a project that start slowly, accelerates, and entails off.  Also a term used to express the cumulative likelihood distribution that is a result of a simulation, a tool of quantitative risk analysis

Secondary risk

The risk of arises as a direct result of implementing a risk response

Seller

A provider will supplier of products, services, or results to an organization

Sensitivity analysis

A quantitative risk analysis and modeling technique use to help determine which risks have the most potential impact on the project.

It examines the extent to which the uncertainty of each project element affects the objective being examined when all other and certain elements are held at the baseline values.  The typical display of results is in the form of a tornado diagram

Simulation

A simulation uses a project model that translate the uncertainties specified and a detailed level into their potential impact on objectives that are expressed at the level of the total project.

Project simulations use computer models and estimates of risk, usually expressed as a probability distribution of possible costs or durations and a detailed work level, and are typically performed using Monte Carlo’s analysis

Slack

The amount of time that you can delay a task before the task becomes critical.  Stack is used up when any delay in the task will delay the overall project deadline

Special cause

A source of variation that is not inherent in the system, is not predictable, and it is intermittent.  It can be assigned to a defect in the system.

On a control chart, points beyond the control limits, or non-random patterns within the control limits, indicate it.  Also referred to as an assignable cause

Specification

A document that specifies, in a completes, precise, variable manner, the requirements, design, behaviour, or other characteristics of a system, components, product, result, or service and, often, the procedures for determining whether these provisions have been satisfied.

Examples are: a requirements specification, design specification, product specification, and tests specification

Specification limits

The area, on either side of the Center line, or mean, of data plotted on a control chart that meets the customer’s requirements for a product or service.  This area may be greater than or less than the area defined by the control limits

Sponsor

The person or group that provides the Financial Resources, in cash or in kind, for the project

Staffing management plan

The document that describes when and how human resource requirements will be met.  It is contained in, or is a subsidiary plan of, the human resource plan

Stakeholder

Person or organisation, for example customer, sponsor, performing organization, or the public, that is actively involved in the project, or whose interests may be positively or negatively affected by the execution or completion of the project.  A stakeholder may also exert influence over the project and its deliverables

Standard

A document that provides, for, and repeated use, roles, guidelines, or characteristics for activities or the results, aimed at the achievement of the ottoman degree of order in a given context

Start date

A point in time associated with a schedule activities starts, usually qualified by one of the following: actual, planned, estimated, schedule, early, later, target, baseline, or current

Start to finish relationship

A dependency relationship in which the start of one task determines the finish of another task

Start to start relationship

A dependency relationship in which the start of one task determines the start of another task

Statement of work (SOW)

A narrative description of products, services, or results to be supplied

Strengths, weaknesses, opportunities, and threats (SWOT) analysis

This information gathering techniques exam is the project from the perspective of each project strengths, weaknesses, opportunities, and threats to increase the breadth of the risks considered by risk management

Sub project

A smaller portion of the overall project created what’s when a project is subdivided into more manageable components or pieces

Successor activity

A schedule activity that follows a predecessor activity, as determined by their logical relationship

Sub task

At are so details a specific step in a project phase.  A sub tasks is also called a subordinate task

Successor

In a dependency relationship, the task whose schedule is dependent on the linked predecessors task schedule

Summary task in a project outline, the task that has subordinate tasks.  A summary task rolls up the details of its sub tasks and has no timing of its own

Go To Part 14 HERE!